Know Your Blood Pressure & Keep Under Check

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Know Your Blood Pressure & Keep Under Check

Hypertension, usually called as High BP is a serious health problem. Doctors refer to hypertension, which strikes suddenly without any symptoms until it is fully mature, as a silent killer. The number of these patients in our country is about twenty crores. What is worrying is that half of them are unaware that they are actually a victim of hypertension. Hence traveling towards danger in the dark without taking any action to curb it.

What is Hypertension
Hypertension is when the atrial pressure in the heart rises above the normal level (120/80 mmHg). There are two types of hypertension, the first being primary hypertension and the second being secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is more common. Although the causes are not yet clear, secondary hypertension has been found to be a consequence of many diseases. Deterioration of the organs, adrenal tugland overwork, sleep apnea (thyroid gland disorders), side effects of some drugs, side effects of alcohol and drugs, alcohol overdose. Like diabetes and obesity, blood pressure is hereditary in some families.

Signs & Symptoms of Hypertension:
Symptoms of high blood pressure include persistent headache, insomnia, blurred vision, extreme tiredness, drowsiness, ringing in the ears, difficulty breathing, palpitations, and confusion. Excessively high blood pressure can lead to many health problems. The arteries that supply blood to the heart constrict. Blood vessels in the brain can rupture and cause paralysis. Eyes can be damaged. Kidney and heart failure can be life threatening.

Primary hypertension can be easily controlled. It can be prevented with a healthy diet and habits. All problems are with secondary hypertension. It needs to be treated skillfully and carefully to control it and prevent it from reaching dangerous levels. Cardiologists and nutritionists are making some suggestions in this regard. They are said to give priority to controlling hypertension on par with the use of drugs.

Expert advise to avoid Hypertension:
Avoid alcohol and smoking
Salt intake should not exceed 1.5 to 2 g per day
Eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet
One should strive to adopt a serene attitude of coping with stress and a serene lifestyle away from extravagant emotions

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